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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 143 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.毛羅•卡佩萊蒂(Mauro Cappelletti)著;王宏林譯、沈宗靈校。比較法學的
  2. 10.陳新民。「新聞自由與司法獨立」。法治國家論。臺北市:學林文化,民國90
  3. 11.陳新民。「新聞自由與司法獨立-一個比較法治上的觀察與分析」。法治國家
  4. 3.陳麗蓉。「日本新聞自由之研究」。淡江大學日本研究所,碩士論文,民國86
  5. 3.最高法院九十八年度台抗字第一六九號判決。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許涵綺(2014)。媒體公審現象的檢討-以「公平審判」與「媒體近用」概念為中心。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2014。1-139。 
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