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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 149 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Clive Briault (1999), the Rationale for a Single National Financial Services Regulator ,London: The Financial Services Authority.
  2. Kennedy Paul (1987), the Rise and fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict from 1500-2000, New York: Random House.
  3. Keohane Robert, Joseph Nye (1977), Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition, Boston: Little, Brown and Company.
  4. Kerr Pauline, Andrew Mack, and Paul Evans (1995), Pacific cooperation: Building Economic and security Regime in the Asia Pacific Region, Boulder: Westview Press.
  5. McCormick John (1966), the European Union: Politics and Policies, Westview: Press.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳碧蓮(2014)。英國文官訓練制度及其發展之研究(1979-2010年)。淡江大學歐洲研究所博士班學位論文。2014。1-228。 
  2. 陳松(2004)。我國高級文官考選制度之研究。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2004。1-181。
  3. 林吉琳(2016)。外資與中國經濟發展之關聯性分析:1998-2013。中山大學中國與亞太區域研究所學位論文。2016。1-239。
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