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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何文榮、張惠敏(2008),董事會特徵、投資決策與公司經營績效關聯性之研究,華人經濟研究,第6卷,第2期,頁81-113。
  2. 余惠芳、梅國忠、羅素妃(2010),資本結構、自有資金與公司績效之實證研究,華人前瞻研究,第6卷,第1期,頁39-51。
  3. 林鳳麗、廖育旻(2010),台灣上市公司自由現金流量與營收成長是否影響公司績效?縱橫門檻迴歸模型之運用,會計與公司治理,第7卷,第1期,頁1-29。
  4. 俞海琴、周本鄂(1994),臺灣地區上市公司董監事、關係人持股比率和公司托賓Q關係之研究,管理評論,第13卷,第1期,頁79-98。
  5. 洪榮華、陳香如、王玉珍(2005),公司內部治理機制與公司績效之關係-股權結構與董事會特性的觀點,輔仁管理評論,第12卷,第3期,頁23-40。
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