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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 司徒達賢(1995),策略管理,遠流出版社。
  2. 6. 吳念祺、陳彥豪(2012),電動車成本結構分析與傳統汽車產業之影響,臺灣經濟研究月刊,第34卷第11期,75-82。
  3. 10. 許惠雅(2003),台灣無線區域網路系統設備製造商之價值鏈研究,國立成功大學企業管理研究所。
  4. 11. 陳立中(2011),太陽能光電產業之產業價值鏈分析,國立臺灣大學管理學院碩士在職專班商學組。
  5. 22. 黎彥伶(2012),純電動車商業模式與成本探討,國立中央大學企業管理研究所。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江文仁(2014)。以消費者觀點探討電動汽車推廣策略之研究。臺北科技大學機電整合研究所學位論文。2014。1-119。 
  2. 黃世豪(2013)。價值鏈動態架構之研究。朝陽科技大學工業工程與管理系學位論文。2013。1-113。
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