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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 171 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6. 池文海、楊宗儒、呂正雄(2008)。內部行銷與情緒智力對員工績效之影響。中華管理學報。第九卷第三期,頁1-22。
  2. 7. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局泰山職業訓練中心(2012)。建構服務「新」時代。取自
  3. 10. 呂理群(2009)。專業人員知識分享、核心能力及工作績效之關連性研究-以中小型會計師事務所為例。淡江大學會計系碩士論文。
  4. 15. 林俊瑩(2010)。工作滿意度、組織承諾與離職意圖:中小學教師與其他職業之比較。教育實踐與研究,23(1),1-30。
  5. 20. 陳盈璋、汪文政 (2009)。國際觀光旅館業高階管理者領導能力對工作績效之關連性研究。多國籍企業管理評論,3(1), 205-218.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃春懿(2015)。組織動態能力對就業力與員工敬業度中介影響之探討。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2015。1-126。
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