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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 212 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 田文彬,2011,綠色使命與競爭優勢的探討-以永豐餘造紙公司為例,商管科技季刊 12卷1期 (2011/03), 1-22
  2. 賴明政,2004,企業倫理行為、組織承諾、工作滿意與組織公民行為關係研究,企業管理學報,31-60。
  3. 賴麗香、黃楹家,2013,探討企業社會責任、企業形象與消費行為之關係-以台中新光三越百貨公司為例,建國科大社會人文期刊 32卷1期 (2013/01), 61-82
  4. 李秀英、劉俊儒、楊筱翎,2011,企業社會責任與公司績效之關聯性,東海管理評論,第十三卷,第一期,頁77-112
  5. 李陳國、黃貞瑜、王藍翎,2013,綠色經濟下政府、企業與消費者之賽局理論分析,嶺東學報 33期 (2013/06), 49-71
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