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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 幼兒教育及照顧法(2012)。
  2. 許孟勤(2013)台灣1991~2011年幼兒教育課程研究回顧。幼兒教保研究期刊,11,45。
  3. 陳翠琪(2004)。兩岸幼兒教育事業之產業結構與競爭策略之比較性研究。元智大學管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣中壢市。
  4. 陳奕銳(2012)。大陸英文培訓市場投資可行性評估-以兒童英語為例。國立暨南國際大學管理學院經營管理所碩士論文,未出版,南投縣。
  5. 湯堯(2001)。學校經營管理策略。臺北市:五南。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃禹馨(2018)。台資幼兒美語教育機構在中國大陸市場經營策略之研究-以山東青島為例。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士班學位論文。2018。1-83。
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