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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳明烈(2004)。終身學習-理念與實踐。台北:五南。
  2. 胡慧卿(2005)。我國終身教育政策執行模式之研究-以終身學習法為例。國立台灣師範大學社會教育研究所,未出版,台北市。
  3. 邱淑美(2005)。南區公務員參與大學在職碩士專班進修對其工作專業成長之影響研究。國立高雄師範大學成人教育研究所,未出版,高雄。
  4. 翟筱梅(2003)。女性公務員終身學習之研究。國立台灣師範大學社會教育研究所,未出版,台北市。
  5. 陳烽堯(2003)。邁向能力導向的人力資源管理-職務核心能力的建構。人事月刊,38(1),25-31。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾淑絹(2010)。我國高級中等學校軍訓教官終身學習參與動機與阻礙因素之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-128。 
  2. 賴純燕(2009)。國軍幹部公餘進修影響因素之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-151。 
  3. 陳映竹(2013)。高等教育學校行政人員在職進修之歷程與反思:以北區私立大學為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-165。 
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