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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳令儀,(2004),董事會特性、績效與多角化程度關聯性之權變觀點─以台灣電子產業為例,成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 洪榮華、陳香如、王玉珍,(2005),公司內部治理機制與公司績效之關係─股權結構與董事會特性的觀點,輔仁管理評論,第12卷第3期,頁23-40。
  3. 洪麗芳,(2004),股權結構、財務決策與公司績效關聯性之研究,中原大學會計研究所碩士論文。
  4. 陳家馴,(2004),董事會組成、公股角色與企業績效之關聯性研究,成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 陳錦村、葉雅薰,(2002),公司改組、監督機制與盈餘管理之研究,會計評論,第34期,頁1-29。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃政韋(2013)。用樂透股票檢視公司治理好與壞─以現金增資股票為例。臺中科技大學企業管理系事業經營碩士班學位論文。2013。1-56。 
  2. 賴玫蓁(2014)。政府轉投資事業股權管理機制與成效之研究。臺灣大學會計學研究所學位論文。2014。1-101。
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