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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Cord-Roland Rinke, 2013, Life & Health Longevity, Enhanced annuities of Asia, Hannover re
  2. 3.台灣長期照護專業協會,,最終瀏覽日期:2015年2月1日。
  3. 5.行政院衛生署國民健康局、中華民國糖尿病學會(2003),糖尿病防治手冊 糖尿病預防、診斷與控制流程指引,行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  4. 9.呂俞樺、白璐、林金定、祝年豐、簡戊鑑(2011),台灣2005-2008年肥胖病患住院特性及醫療費用的影響因子,醫護科技期刊,第13卷第2期,P.76-88。
  5. 10.李杰憲、李靜宜(2013),菸酒消費與個人飲食習性對於個人醫療支出之影響,東吳經紀商學學報,第80期,P.27-52。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文婷(2017)。逆向抵押貸款結合保險商品之研究。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士班學位論文。2017。1-146。
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