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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁仁傑(1999)社會脈絡中的助人行為:台灣佛教慈濟功德會個案研究。台北:聯經出版有限公司。
  2. 王信賢、李宗義(2008)尋找中國NGOs:兩種路徑與困境。《社會科學論叢》,2(2):113-145。
  3. 王振寰(1997)跨國界區域經濟形成的統理機制:以台灣資本外移南中國為例。《台灣社會研究季刊》,第27期,1-36。
  4. 林平(2009)從居住空間看台灣人對中國大陸當地的認同。《台灣政治學刊》,13(2),57-111。
  5. 林瑞華、耿曙(2008)經濟利益與認同轉變:台商與韓商個案。《東亞研究》,39(1),165-192。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林慧碧(2017)。從「心靈環保」探討企業經營與企業社會責任--以法鼓山法行會會員為例。法鼓文理學院社會企業與創新碩士學位學程學位論文。2017。1-170。
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