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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王靖興、王德育 (2007)。台灣民眾的政治參與對其政治功效意識之影響:以2004年總統選舉為例。臺灣政治學刊,第11卷,第1期,頁69-107。
  2. 林宗弘 (2015)。再探臺灣的世代政治:交叉分類隨機效應模型的應用,1995-2010。人文及社會科學集刊,第27卷,第2期,頁395-436。
  3. 俞振華 (2013)。初探民主體制下台灣民眾的領導觀。法政學報,第25期,頁27-63。
  4. 徐永明、林昌平 (2009)。「南方政治」的再檢驗:總統選票的分量迴歸分析。選舉研究,第16卷,第1期,頁1-35。
  5. 崔曉倩、吳重禮 (2011)。年齡與選舉參與:2008年總統選舉的實證分析。調查研究:方法與應用,第26期,頁7-44。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張詩予(2017)。青年世代選民政治參與之研究。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-102。
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