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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.李信興、劉常勇(2008),系統性「商業模式」之觀念架構,創業管理研究,3,p119~145。
  2. 4.余宏揚(2005),台灣資訊服務業營運模式之探討,台灣大學國際企業研究所,碩士論文。
  3. 6.林珍安(2006),商業模式對經營績效的影響-以台灣上市電子公司為例證,淡江大學管理科學研究所,碩士論文。
  4. 8.徐福裕(2005),自由軟體經營模式研究,元智大學資訊管理學系研究所,碩士論文。
  5. 11.陳定國(2005),現代行銷管理學,華泰文化,台北。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳志峰(2015)。產品知識教育訓練對業務人員業績影響之探討:以資訊服務業B公司為例。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-58。 
  2. 周芳輝(2013)。限時折扣之線上即時交易資訊系統開發與建置。屏東科技大學工業管理系所學位論文。2013。1-64。 
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