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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳文如(2004)。國中生空間能力與數學成就相關因素之研究。國立台北師範學院數理教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. 吳明郁(2004)。國小四年級學童空間能力學習的研究:以立體幾何展開圖為例。國立台北師範學院數理教育研究所碩士論文。
  3. 林佳蓉(2004)。幾何空間教學對國小二年級學童空間能力學習之研究。國立台北師範學院數理教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 黃惠薇(2008)。資訊科技融入教學對國小六年級學童在空間旋轉能力之研究。國立台北教育大學數理教育研究所碩士論文。
  5. 簡慶郎(1990)。學習正投影對提升高工學生空間能力之研究。國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李怡萱(2013)。運用圍棋教學促進國中生邏輯推理與創造思考能力之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-108。 
  2. 陳彥儒(2015)。行動裝置搭載擴增實境 App 的呈現方式對國小學童空間旋轉的學習成效、認知負荷與情境興趣影響。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-85。 
  3. 朱有聖(2013)。動態幾何軟體融入小組合作教學法與討論教學法對國中學生二度空間概念學習成效之研究。交通大學理學院科技與數位學習學程學位論文。2013。1-90。 
  4. 陳隆期(2012)。針對國民中學學生關於魔術方塊解題思維之研究。中原大學應用數學研究所學位論文。2012。1-33。 
  5. 張哲豪(2011)。桃園縣國中學生二度空間能力之研究 -以平移、對稱、旋轉、縮放為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-148。 
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