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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.莊益源、張鐘霖、王祝三,(2003),波動率模型預測能力的比較-以台指選擇權為例,台灣金融季刊,第4輯第2期,41-63。
  2. 3.林楚雄、劉維琪、吳欽衫,(1999),台灣股票店頭市場股價報酬波動行為的研究,企業管理學報,第44期,165-192。
  3. 1.Andersen, T. G., T. Bollerslev and S. Lange, (1999). Forecasting financial market volatility: Sample frequency vis-a-vis forecast horizon, Journal of Empirical Finance, 6, 457–477.
  4. 2.Andersen, T.G. and T. Bollerslev, (1997). Intraday seasonality and volatility persistence in foreign exchange and equity markets, Journal of Empirical Finance, 4, 115–158.
  5. 3.Andersen, T.G., T. Bollerslev, F.X. Diebold and P. Labys, (2003). Modeling and forecasting realized volatility, Econometrica, 71, 2, 579-625.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周益賢(2012)。運用日內資料提升選擇權價格預測準確性之研究。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-45。 
  2. 張黃威(2011)。應用高頻率資料提升波動模型預測能力之研究。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-75。 
  3. 林怡萱(2009)。利用隱含波動率估計股價指數市場的風險值。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2009。1-78。 
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