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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Annadurai, G., Sung, S. S., and Lee, D. J. “Floc characteristics and removal of turbidity and humic acid from high-turbidity storm water” Journal of Environmental Engineering, 129, 571-575 (2003).
  2. Annadurai, G., Sung, S. S., and Lee, D. J. “Optimization of floc characteristics for treatment of highly turbid water” Separation Science and Technology, 39, 19-42 (2004a).
  3. Annadurai, G., Sung, S. S., and Lee, D. J. “Simultaneous removal of turbidity and humic acid from high turbidity storm ater” Advances in Environmental Research, 8, 713-725 (2004b).
  4. Armbruster, M., Krebs, P., and Rodi, W. “Numerical modelling of dynamic sludge blanket behaviour in secondary clarifiers”, Water Science and Technology, 43, 173-180 (2001).
  5. Chatellier, P., Audic, J. M. “An empirical dynamic model for waste water treatment plant clarifier simulation”, Environmental Technology, 19, 725-731 (1998).
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 溫鉦晏(2009)。淨水廠反應澄清池之模擬。淡江大學化學工程與材料工程學系碩士班學位論文。2009。1-111。 
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