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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周煌明,2000,<老人問題探討>,復興崗學報 第69期,台北,頁1~28。
  2. 陳立昕、曾曉勤、羅懷英、章至豪、蘇祐毅,2001,<資訊家電產品發展趨勢>,財團法人資訊工業策進會資訊市場情報中心(MIC)出版,台北。
  3. 陳百齡,1997,「網際網路的接近使用問題」,<政治大學圖書與資訊學刊第20期>, 國立政治大學出版,台北,頁1~21。
  4. 陳敬如,2000,<台灣地區中等學校學生數位鴻溝差距狀況初探>,未出版論文,台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,台北。
  5. 張奇、林山霖、戴基峰、郭家蓉、徐子明,2004,<數位家庭網路產品發展分析趨勢>,財團法人資訊工業策進會資訊市場情報中心(MIC)出版,台北。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉貝渝(2012)。從成功老化觀點探討未來居住空間與家具。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2012。1-125。 
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