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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 123 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7.翁明祥(民82),“技術創新政策與事業經營策略的配合對技術創新績效之影響-以台灣合成樹脂實證研究”,國立政治大學企業管理研究所未出版博士論文。
  2. 11.梁紀紃 (2009),集團企業成員組織學習能力與新產品開發影響因素之實證研究-套繫組合構形觀點,全國管理碩士論文獎。
  3. 12.陳和星,「企業資源配置與互動關係對技術合作績效影響之研究」,國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,2007年。
  4. 14.楊棠堯(2002),顧客關係管理系統互動性之實驗分析,國立成功大學企業管理研究所博士論文。
  5. 17.賴士葆、林明杰(1989) “研究發展與製造兩部門互動之研究”。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 游家麟(2013)。組織文化與智慧資本對高科技產業新產品開發績效影響之研究-以開放式創新為中介效果驗證。長榮大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-106。 
  2. 呂福祐(2016)。協同設計對新產品開發績效影響之研究。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-68。
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