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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院主計處編印(2007)中華民國九十五年台閩地區工業及服務業普查初步綜合報告。
  2. 林惠玲、陳正倉、莊文彬(2002)「廠商的進入、退出與市場競爭性——台灣製造業的實證」,台灣大學經濟論文叢刊,30:4,491-530。
  3. 林瑋庭(2010)「台灣有線電視產業獲利率影響因素之探討」,政治大學經濟研究所碩士論文。
  4. 胡名雯、陳永哲(2012)「台灣企業自創品牌之決策與績效」,臺灣經濟金融月刊,48:10,30-39。
  5. 徐子光、郭彥良(2006)「無形資產對企業績效影響之影響——以LED產業為例」,績效與策略研究,3:2,1-10。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林正韜(2014)。影響創業精神之因素,以台灣為例。淡江大學產業經濟學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-52。 
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