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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 228 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李宛蓉譯,Francis Fukuyama著(2004),《信任》(原書名:誠信),台北:立緒文化。
  2. 李誠(2003),〈後充分就業時代的來臨〉,收錄於李誠主編《誰偷走了我們的工作:一九九六年以來台灣的失業問題》,台北:天下遠見出版社,頁3-39。
  3. 吳介英、紀俊臣(2003),《地方自治團體跨區域事務合作之研究》,內政部委託研究報告。
  4. 吳瓊恩(2001),《行政學》,台北:三民書局。
  5. 李宗儒、廖武正、林年慶(2000),〈農業產銷班考核制度之研究〉,《農業金融論叢》,第44輯,頁219-241。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張孝文(2013)。新北市國際環境藝術節之公私協力治理分析。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班學位論文。2013。1-105。 
  2. 劉逸雅(2009)。社區營造與社會資本關係之探討-以大稻埕歷史風貌特定專用區都市再生計畫案為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-315。 
  3. 林修德(2008)。「國家公園警察」職能培訓方案之分析:倡議聯盟架構。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-296。 
  4. 黃姵瑜(2007)。公共組織在協力關係中的依賴與自主─ 以國立臺灣博物館為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班學位論文。2007。1-186。 
  5. 李怡萱(2006)。公私協力機制之探討:以台灣石化工業為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班學位論文。2006。1-337。 
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