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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. •李怡芳,政府資訊公開法之問題研究─有關政府採購資訊之適用疑義,法令月刊第五十七卷第六期,二○○六年六月。
  2. •李震山,政府資訊公開法與資訊隱私權保障,研考雙月刊第三十一卷第三期,二○○七年六月。
  3. •林明鏘,公務機密與行政公開,中國比較法學會學報第十五期,一九九四年十二月。
  4. •林明鏘,公務機密與行政資訊公開,台大法學論叢第二十三卷第一期,一九九三年十二月。
  5. •范姜真媺,政府資訊公開與國家機密保護─以日本之學說及實務見解為主,政大法學評論第一○○期,二○○七年十二月。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳明麗(2013)。論軍事機關行政資訊之公開。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2013。1-134。 
  2. 張郁質(2017)。轉型正義脈絡下的檔案公開制度──以協商式民主轉型國家經驗為中心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-168。 
  3. 賴怡如(2012)。論國家考試的資訊公開與閱覽卷宗。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2012。1-110。
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