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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 186 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 保羅•甘迺迪(Paul Kennedy),《大國的興衰》,(北京:國際文化出版公司,2006)。
  2. 2. 王崑義,「三和戰略—中國新外交與台灣的戰略選擇」,《第十五屆海峽兩岸關係學術研討會論文集》,2006年8月。
  3. 3. 王崑義,「中國的和諧外交與對南太平洋的擴展」,《台灣國際研究季刊》第3卷,第3期,秋季號, 2007年9月,頁63-69。
  4. 4. 王崑義、蔡裕明,「和平崛起:轉型中的中國國際戰略與對台戰略思考」,《全球政治評論》第9期, 2005年11月,頁43-84。
  5. 29. 嚴震生,「當前中國對非洲的能源戰略與外交」,《國際關係學報》第24期,2007年7月,頁23-50。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯瑞秋(2010)。中華民國與非洲邦交國外交關係之研(1998.1-2009.5)—從小國理論及社會交換論切入。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2010。1-195。 
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