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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Chudnovsky ,Daniel y Andrés López,Las Estrategias de Las empresasa transnacionales en Argentina y Brazil:Qué hay de Nuevo en Los años Noventa?,Buenos Aires:CENIT publicación,1997.
  2. Chudnovsky ,Daniel , Andrés López y Gastón Rossi,Foreign Direct Investment Spillovers,public policies and the absorption capabilities of domestic firms in the Argentine Manufacturing sector1992-2001 ,Buenos Aires:CENIT publication,2002.
  3. ECLAC,Foreign Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean2000 ,Santiago:ECLAC publication,2000
  4. ECLAC,Foreign Investment in Latin America and the Caribbean2001 ,Santiago:ECLAC publication,2001
  5. IMF,Balance of Payments Manua1993,Washington DC:International Monetary Fund publication the fifth edition,1993.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張博斯(2008)。中國與墨西哥的經貿關係。淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2008。1-116。 
  2. 林宜融(2007)。1990年後阿根廷對美國與歐盟政策研究-梅南政府時期與季新尼政府時期之比較。淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2007。1-152。 
  3. 丁健民(2006)。新自由主義發展策略模式與二○○一年阿根廷金融危機關係之研究。淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2006。1-170。 
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