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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 三、汪漢定,台灣太陽能光電産業經營績效之研究,臺灣大學經濟學研究所碩士
  2. 六、莊習武,全球能源短缺下,看台灣太陽能業的契機,清華大學工業工程與工
  3. 八、陳克錡,海峽兩岸太陽能光電產業發展策略分析:太陽能電池之應用,臺灣
  4. 十二、鄭勝鴻,台灣與中國大陸太陽能電池產業發展與競合研究,淡江大學中國
  5. 六、江明政、何孟穎等著,2009年太陽光電市場與產業技術發展年鑑,台北:
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱馨儀(2013)。太陽能電池生產建置成本與競爭策略之研究-以T公司為例。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-99。 
  2. 謝欣芝(2012)。中國大陸太陽能產業效益發展之研究。淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班學位論文。2012。1-114。 
  3. 劉德尚(2013)。太陽能電池產業經營策略之個案研究-以國內某新創太陽能電池公司為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-81。 
  4. 陳勇昇(2014)。太陽能模組鋁擠件競爭策略之探討-以Y公司為例。清華大學高階主管經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-26。
  5. 黎三鳳(2016)。太陽能產業發展垂直整合之行銷策略分析。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-51。
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