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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 147 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方金祥(2006)。兒童創意科學玩具之設計-瓶裡乾坤。科學教育,293,52-61。
  2. 丘愛鈴(2009)。國小綜合活動學習領域創意課程與教學設計之分析-以全國創意教學獎優等方案為例。課程與教學,4(12),191-221。
  3. 史美奐(2002)。國中教師創新教學專業能力之研究---以台北市國民中學為例。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 何姿嫻(2007)。影響國小學童家長送子女參加課後補習之相關因素研究─以桃園縣中壢市為例。國立中央大學學習與教學研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園。
  5. 呂佳陵(2004)。創造性音樂活動在中南部地區幼稚園的教學現況調查。人文社會學報,3,181 -197。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 趙偲媛(2014)。私立課後托育教師專業能力指標建構之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-126。 
  2. 陳奇逸(2014)。服務便利性影響消費者滿意度之研究 -以教育服務產業為例。中興大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-77。 
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