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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 24 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Adjei, Frederick, 2013, The Effects of Cash Holdings on Corporate Performance During a Credit Crunch: Evidence from the Sub-Prime Mortgage Crisis, Journal of Economics and Finance , 37, pp.188-199.
  2. Baglioni, Angelo and Luca Colombo, 2011, The Efficiency View of Corporate Boards: Theory and Evidence, Applied Economics, 45, pp.497-510.
  3. Chen, Naiwei and Meiya Chang, 2013, Financial Crisis and Corporate Liquidity: Implications for Emerging Markets, Asia-Pacific Finan Markets, 20, pp.1-30.
  4. Chen, Shouming and Zhiguo Liao, 2012, Free Cash Flow and Over-Investment: the Moderating Role of the Characteristics of Independent Director, Advances in information Sciences and Service Sciences, 4(3), pp.147-158.
  5. Colquitt, L. L., David W. Sommer, and Norman H. Godwin, 1999, Determinants of Cash Holdings by Property-Liability Insurers, The Journal of Risk and Insurance, 66(3), pp.401-415.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱俐齊(2016)。公司治理與資產配置策略對臺灣壽險業經營績效之影響。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士班學位論文。2016。1-74。
  2. 許偉棠(2017)。經理人過度自信與雙元性對產險公司經營績效之影響。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士班學位論文。2017。1-73。
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