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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 174 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 杜正治、辛怡葳(2008)。教師導向教學法與同儕協助學習法之比較:並行處理設計之應用。特殊教育學報,27,81-98。
  2. 李玉鏡(2008)。幼兒接受八年級高關懷生伴學之研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立台東大學,台東市。
  3. 李燕菁(2006)。同儕教導方案對增進資源班學生普通班級適應之研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立彰化師範大學,彰化市。
  4. 巫宜靜(2007)。同儕教導對國小聽覺障礙學生社交技巧學習成效之研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立彰化師範大學,彰化市。
  5. 林清山、張景媛(1994)。國中生代數應用題教學策略效果之評估。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導系教育心理學報,26,115-137。
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