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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王毓吟(2007)。國中生知覺父母、教師管教方式與其憂鬱情緒之相關研究。中原大學碩士論文,未出版,桃園。
  2. 朱鈺雲(2013)。教師管教方式、親子關係、同儕關係與學習適應─以新北市某國小為例。國立臺北大學社會學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  3. 李卷肯(2013)。國小學生知覺教師管教方式與同儕關係對學習動機與學業成就之影響。國立臺北大學社會學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  4. 吳銘祥(2007)。當孩子遇上霸凌。師友月刊師友月刊,第 479 期,45-49。
  5. 林素玲(2012)。臺中市國民小學學童知覺父母教養方式、教師管教方式與其挫折容忍力之研究。中臺科技大學文教事業經營所碩士論文,未出版,臺中市
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