Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王泓仁、陳怡宜,(2007),「隨機變邊界模型的變數衡量誤差問題:一般動差估計法的應用」,經濟論文叢刊,37(1),頁1-22。
  2. 2. 沈中華、張元,(2012),「企業的社會責任行為可以改善財務績效嗎 以英國FTSE社會責任指數為例」,中央研究院經濟研究所經濟論文,第36期(3月),頁339-385。
  3. 3. 林吟霞,(2012),綠色經濟風潮下銀行業之因應對策- 以臺灣銀行為例,中央大學財務金融學系碩士在職專班學位論文。
  4. 4. 林鳳儀、蘇信安,(2011),「自願性資訊揭露與強制性資訊揭露之盈餘管理」,管理學報,28(4),頁345-359。
  5. 6. 張元,(2011),「社會責任公司有較高的股票報酬嗎?」,輔仁管理評論,18卷1期 (2011 / 01 / 01),頁79–118。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :