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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.洪榮華、陳香如、王玉珍,2008,「公司內部治理機制與公司績效之關係--股權結構與董事會特性的觀點」,輔仁管理評論,12卷3期 ,頁23-40。
  2. 5.林佩欣,2007,美國產險公司賠款準備金操弄動機之研究,暨南大學財務金融學系碩士論文。
  3. 6.林忠義,2008,台灣產物保險業盈餘管理現象與動機之探討,臺北大學國際財務金融碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  4. 7.謝子歡,2014,美國產險業管理階層薪酬與公司績效的敏感度,公司治理機制及沙賓法案對於賠款準備金估計之影響,臺灣大學財務金融學研究所未出版碩士論文。
  5. 1.Banker, Rajiv D., and Srikant M. Datar. 1989. "Sensitivity, precision, and linear aggregation of signals for performance evaluation." Journal of Accounting Research,27(1): 21-39.
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