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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.內政部,2010年12月,中華民國98年老人狀況調查報告。
  2. 4.王增勇,2005,社區照顧的再省思:小型化?規格化?產業化?,台灣社會研究季刊。
  3. 8.吳桂芳、陳祥水,2009,從家戶到機構的安養模式:以台北市銀髮村老人自費安養中心為例,清華大學人類學系研究所碩士論文。
  4. 9.吳淑瓊,2004年,建構長期照護體系先導計畫-理念與實踐,臺灣公共衛生雜誌。
  5. 10.吳淑瓊、林惠生,1999,台灣功能障礙老人家庭照顧者的全國概況剖析,中華衛誌。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳信宏(2017)。長期照顧保險與信託制度之研究。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-62。
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