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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁亞雯(2012)。以「課程與教學」為十二年國教推動核心一臺北市推動的策略與行動。中等教育,63 (1),183~187。
  2. 王金國(2012)。十二年國教之超額比序爭議、影響與解決。臺灣教育評論月刊,1(11),51-52。
  3. 王金國(2014)。一起來「活化教學」。臺灣教育評論月刊,3(10), 73-74。
  4. 秦夢群、莊玉鈴(2010)。十二年國民基本教育政策之分析與建議。台灣教育,662,2 ~ 9。
  5. 張河賓(2014)。利害關係人對十二年國教政策宣導瞭解及認同感之研究-以高雄市國民中學為例(未出版之碩士論文)。義守大學,高雄。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李靜美(2016)。新北市國中生對十二年國教政策理念之認同度及擇校因素之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-177。
  2. 吳玉庭(2017)。新竹縣國民中學十二年國民基本教育適性輔導工作執行成效之研究-教師觀點之分析。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-127。
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