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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 164 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 何昶鴛(2003)。旅遊網站服務品質評估構面之建立。觀光研究學報,9(1),19-38。
  2. 3. 吳莉玲(2013)。社區產業的設計思考與文化價值之形塑。朝陽科技大學設計學院文化創意產業研發碩士論文。
  3. 7. 李淑芳、晏啟華(2014)。旅遊部落格之資訊品質、實用價值、享樂價值對網路口碑之影響-以不同網路成癮類型為干擾。觀光與休閒管理期刊,2(2),212-225。
  4. 9. 林心慧、曾琬婷(2008)。顧客觀點之線上旅遊系統成功模式:整合理性層級理論與心流理論。電子商務學報,10(3)。
  5. 10. 林世健、張景行(2011)。以社群經營結合客製化文創商品網路商務平台之創新價值鏈初探。中華印刷科技年報,417-431。
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