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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林泰隆(2008),人格特質、組織氣候及工作壓力對工作意願之影響-以資訊服務業為例。崑山科技大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 林瑩之(2002),女性經理人工作生活品質與工作適應關聯性之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 洪淑娟(2013),員工工作適應、家長式領導效能對服務品質與員工績效影響之研究。臺北科技大學管理學院經營管理專班碩士論文。
  4. 張玉燕(1994),勞工特質對企業福利、工作意願與勞資關係之影響研究。國立政治大學勞工研究所碩士論文。
  5. 張碩元(2015),從組織氣候、組織承諾、內外控人格特質與工作投入來探討教會事工推動之關鍵因素與影響。成功大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文,1-88。
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