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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Badawy ME (2010) Structure and antimicrobial activity relationship of quaternary N-alkyl chitosan derivatives against some plant pathogens. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 117: 960-969.
  2. Chien P and Chou C (2006). Antifungal activity of chitosan and its application to control postharvest quality and fungal rotting of Tankan citrus fruit (Citrus tankan hayata). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 86: 1964-1969.
  3. Du YJ, Zhao YQ, Dai SC, Yang B (2009) Preparation of water-soluble chitosan from shrimp shell and its antibacterial activity. Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, 10: 103-107.
  4. Dubois M, Gilles KA, Hamilton JK, Rebers PA, Smith F (1956) Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Analytical Chemistry, 28: 350-35.
  5. Dotto GL and Pinto LAA (2011) Adsorption of food dyes onto chitosan: Optimization process and kinetic. Carbohydrate Polymers 84: 231-238
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 唐宗豪(2012)。芝麻蛋白水解物之抗氧化性探討。朝陽科技大學生化科技研究所學位論文。2012。1-70。
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