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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳庶深、曾煥棠 (2002)。先進國家與我國中等學校生命教育之比較研究。臺北市:教育部。
  2. 李昱平(2006)。高雄縣高級中等學校學生靈性健康與生命態度之相關研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立高雄師範大學教育研究所,高雄市。
  3. 林宛瑾(2011)。國中弱勢學生實施生命教育課程之行動研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立暨南國際大學課程教學與科技研究所,南投縣。
  4. 紀潔芳(2009)。生命教育與靈性健康之探討。載於國立臺北教育大學主編:2009生命教育與健康促進學研討會論文集(頁257-261)。國立臺北教育大學,臺北市。
  5. 孫效智(2001)。生命教育的內涵與實施。哲學雜誌,35,4-31。
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