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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 230 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施怡榕 著 (2010)、『台北縣私立幼稚園創新經營與家長選校影響因素相關之研究』、台北県淡水鎮(現在:新北市淡水区):淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士論文。
  2. 王慧瑜(2010)、「日治時期台北地區日本人的物質生活(1895-1937)」、台北市:國立臺灣師範大學台灣史研究所碩士論文。
  3. 謝雨生 傅仰止 主編 (2012年)、『台灣的社會變遷1985─2005:社會階層與勞動市場、 台灣社會變遷 基本調查系列三之3』、台北市:中央研究院社學研究所。
  4. 九年一貫課程與教學
  5. 中華民國全國法規資料庫 ≪幼兒園教保服務實施準則≫、2010年8月1日
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