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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 147 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林奕宏、張景媛(2001)。多元智能與問題解決整合型教學模式對國小學生數學學習表現之影響。教育心理學報,第33卷第1期,1-30。
  2. 洪文東(2006)。以創造性問題解決教學活動設計提升學生解決問題能力。科學教育研究與發展季刊,第43期,26-42。
  3. 張玉山(2006)。創造力導向的網路化問題解決活動設計─ ─國小生活科技課程的實例。生活科技月刊,第39卷第5期,48-64。
  4. 張俊彥、翁玉華(2000)。我國高一學生的問題解決能力與其科學過程技能之相關性研究。科學教育學刊,8(1),35-55。
  5. 張春興(1989)。張氏心理學辭典。台北:東華。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪玉華(2011)。國中生對歷史科多媒體教材學習感受及看法之個案研究-以世界史《希臘、羅馬古文明》單元為例。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-125。
  2. 金文華(2016)。案例式網路教學教材之發展-以產物保險理賠教材為例。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-191。
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