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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林家五、王悅縈 、胡宛仙 (2012)。真誠領導與仁慈領導對組織公民行為及主管忠誠之差異效果. 本土心理學研究, (38), 205-256.
  2. 林國楨、謝侑真(2007)。學校領導新典範-完全領導(Total Leadership)內涵之初探。學校行政雙月刊,48,187-209。
  3. 陳彥君、沈其泰(2015)。檢驗主管認同與權力距離傾向對於真誠領導與服務品質之關係的效果. source: 人力資源管理學報; 2015, 15: P1-25.
  4. 陳韋丞(2015)。真誠領導的中介歷程:以部屬心理真誠作為中介變項。台灣大學碩士論文。
  5. 熊欣華、陳欽洲(2012),「自己人更優惠,或是更辛苦?領導部屬交換關係中的矛盾」, 人力資源管理學報,第十二卷第四期,頁 29-52。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林曉芳(2017)。家長式領導、轉換式領導對工作績效之影響-以變革認知為中介變數。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-88。
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