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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王奕升 & 徐村和. (2013). 製藥產業之動態要素及能耐互動概念化架構:建構式紮根理論的應用. 管理評論, 32(1), 63-83.
  2. 吳萬益, 林志成, & 傅貞夙. (2006). 領導型態與組織文化對組織承諾與組織績效影響之研究-以台灣不同國籍製藥廠為例. 企業管理學報, (71), 35-76.
  3. 吳倩芸. (2011). 醫院整合是否提升經營績效? 以台北市立聯合醫院為例. 淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文.
  4. 邱宏仁 & 蘇友珊. (2004). 廠商能力, 環境, 夥伴關係對生技事業策略導向之影響效應. 企業管理學報, (63), 1-26.
  5. 林崇德. (2008). 購併策略與探討-以某個案環境製藥廠商為例.國立中興大學高階經理人班碩士論文.
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