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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Anthony, T.C., Tay, J.H. 1993. Municipal Soil Waste Incinerator Fly Ash for Geotechnical Applications. Journal of Environmental Engineering, ASCE, 119, 811-825.
  2. Bhatty, J.I., Reid, K.J. 1989. Moderate Strength Concrete from Lightweight Sludge Ash Aggregate. Cement Composites and Lightweight Concrete, 3, 179-187.
  3. Buchholz, B.A., Landsberger, S. 1995. Leaching Dynamics Studies of Municipial Solid Waste Incinerator Ash. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 45, 579-590.
  4. Chimenos, J.M., Segarra, M., Fernandez, M.A., Espiell, F. 1999. Characterization of the Bottom Ash in Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator. Journal of Hazardous Material, 64, 211-222.
  5. Clarke, L.J. 1993. Structural lightweight aggregate concrete. Chapman & Hall Ltd.
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃政隆(2014)。垃圾焚化底渣碳酸化浸漬穩定之研究。淡江大學水資源及環境工程學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-81。 
  2. 林穎俊(2012)。都市垃圾焚化底渣水洗細泥製備調濕材料之技術研究。淡江大學水資源及環境工程學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-88。 
  3. 洪丞麟(2011)。都市垃圾焚化飛灰以機械化學合成鈣長石基陶瓷材料之研究。淡江大學水資源及環境工程學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-73。 
  4. 蕭錫卜(2010)。都市垃圾焚化飛灰添加於紅磚進料之生命週期評估。淡江大學水資源及環境工程學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-162。 
  5. 李明國(2010)。研磨的機械化學作用促進焚化飛灰重金屬穩定化及燒結資源化之研究。淡江大學水資源及環境工程學系博士班學位論文。2010。1-125。 
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