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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. John Locke,葉啟芳等譯(1986)。政府論次講。台北:唐山。
  2. 林水波、張世賢(1991),公共政策。台北:五南。
  3. 高永光(2001)。中央與地方權限爭議問題研究。財團法人國家政策研究基金會委託研究。
  4. 國民教育法(1979年公布)
  5. 許泰益(2003)。我國高級中學多元入學方案政策規劃與執行之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育學系碩士論文(未出版)。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾靜萍(2011)。新北市活化課程實驗方案之政策論證與審議。政治大學公共行政研究所學位論文。2011。1-174。
  2. 林武龍(2012)。北北基三縣市一綱一本及共辦基測政策對教師教學影響之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-147。
  3. 蔡育澤(2012)。台北市推動國中教科書一綱一本政策之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2012。1-121。
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