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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4.王財驛、卓翠月與黃明祥(2011),財產保險業經營效率之研究,財金論文叢刊,第14期,頁1-15。
  2. 5.王儷玲、彭金隆、張義宏(2006),我國壽險業銀行保險業務參與度與經營效率分析,台大管理論叢,第17卷第1期,頁59-90。
  3. 7.吳柏樹(2003),台灣地區產物保險業經營效率之研究,元智大學會計學系碩士論文。
  4. 8.李珍穎(2012),台灣產險業經營績效分析與提升之研究-從財務面與非財務面觀點探討,淡江大學管理科學學系博士班博士論文。
  5. 9.周宜慧(2005),我國產險公司經營績效之研究,淡江大學保險經營研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張雅茵(2015)。運用DEA法評估兩岸產險業之自留業務效率。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士班學位論文。2015。1-72。 
  2. 鄭詠央(2014)。台灣壽險業財務業務經營績效之研究 -TOPSIS法之運用。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士班學位論文。2014。1-71。 
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