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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳宜蓁、徐詠絮 (1996)譯。台北市:五南。Mitroff,I.I.and Pearson,C.M(1994)。危機管理診斷手冊(Crisis Management: A Diagnostic Guide for Improving Your Organization’s Crisis-Preparedness.)
  2. 邱奕宏(2012)。歐債危機的結構性因素分析。全球政治評論,37,7-12。
  3. 侯博文(2007)。全像圖組織設計運用於危機管理之研究-以警察組織處理紅衫軍倒扁行動為例。未出版之碩士論文,國立政治大學公共行政學系,台北市。
  4. 陳筆(2012)。歐債危機說清楚講明白。經濟前瞻,139,49-53。
  5. 張福昌(2012)。歐債危機對歐洲統合的影響。全球政治評論,37,13-18。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊君毅(2016)。探討認知失調下之消費者行為:以歐洲快速時尚產業ZARA為例。淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2016。1-57。
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