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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 肯內斯•克拉瑪著、方蕙玲譯,《宗教的死亡藝術》(台北:東大圖書股份有限公司,1997)。
  2. 趙可式,《安寧伴行》(台北:天下遠見出版,2007)。
  3. 趙可式,《安寧療護護理概論》(台北:中華民國安寧照顧基金會,2004)。
  4. 蓮花基金會,《安寧緩和醫療關懷手冊》(台北:財團法人蓮花基金會,2008)。
  5. 傅偉勳,《死亡的尊嚴與生命的尊嚴》(台北 :正中圖書股份有限公司,1993)。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 梁家瑋(2013)。「禮儀師」的誕生:從台灣殯葬禮儀治理視角切入的歷史考察。臺灣大學社會學研究所學位論文。2013。1-95。 
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