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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王嶸(2001)。貧困地區教育資源的開發及利用。教育研究,9,39-44。
  2. 台北市教育研究發展委員會研究團隊(2005)。優質學校。台北:台北市教師研習中心。
  3. 吳清山(2004)。教育概論。台北:五南。
  4. 張鈿富(2006)。教育概論。台北:三民。
  5. 許淑真(2005)。桃園縣特殊偏遠地區學校教育資源共享之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林玿良(2010)。特殊教育班教師對於運用策略聯盟發展教育資源認知情形之調查研究─以新竹市為例。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-189。 
  2. 吳瑞娥(2012)。基北區高中職學校教育資源運用與學校效能關係之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-146。
  3. 林敬勛(2012)。以解說志工參與者角色初探陽明山國家公園環境教育資源利用現況。臺灣師範大學環境教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-109。
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