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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Hill, C. W. L. and G. R. Jones. 2007. Strategic Management Theory: An Integrated Approach. (7/e) (朱文儀、陳建男、黃豪臣譯),台北:華泰文化。
  2. Schein, E. H. 1992. Organizational culture and leadership (2nd ed.). (陳千玉譯),台北:五南圖書出版公司。
  3. 王泰昌、吳明政、王曉雯,2008,企業經營型態與研發活動績效,管理學報,第25卷第2期:173-193。
  4. 江尻行男、莊秀美,2007,日本的企業與照顧服務產業企業的發展動向與經營策略分析,管理學報,第24 卷第6 期:637-655
  5. 林清河、施坤壽,2003,組織結構、全面品質管理:ISO9000與競爭優勢、組織績效之結構化模式分析,管理學報,第20卷第五期:965-992
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗秋(2013)。全面品質管理、組織學習與市場導向於休閒農業區經營績效影響之研究。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2013。1-104。 
  2. 馮冠銘(2013)。全面創新管理與全面品質管理對高科技產業創新績效影響之研究-以組織學習為中介變項。長榮大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-103。 
  3. 張可蓁(2011)。學校組織文化與辦學績效關聯性之探討-全面品質管理之觀點。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-117。
  4. 龔金貴(2017)。影響衛生用品製造業品質管理推動之關鍵因素 --以U公司為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-108。
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