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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余序江、許志義、陳擇義,1998,科技管理導論:科技預測與規劃,台北。
  2. 林聖富,1996,專利資訊和專利檢索,智慧財產權管理季刊,台北。
  3. 邱騰震、鄒文正、閔庭輝,2006,不同的二氧化鈦電極結構應用於染料敏化太陽能電池之研究,南台科技大學碩士論文,台南。
  4. 陳巧珊、林長青,2011,整合模糊德菲法 (FDM)、創新問題解決理論 (TRIZ)、分析網路程序法 (ANP) 及0-1目標規劃法 (ZOGP) 建構創新產品之研發決策模式--以平板電腦為例,淡江大學管理科學系碩士論文,台北。
  5. 黃淵、陳裕民,2008,協同式模製品設計與製程開發之知識整合研究,國立成功大學製造工程系碩士論文,台南。
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