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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李貴英(2012),論歐洲聯盟國際投資政策之法律規範,歐美研究,42(2):339-389。
  2. 洪德欽(2012),歐盟新一代自由貿易協定政策之研究,歐美研究,42(4):673-752。
  3. 范世平(2012),新加坡主權財富基金發展與影響的政治分析,問題與研究, 51(1):37-68。
  4. Eurostat (2014), “Foreign direct investment statistics,” (Accessed 23.04.2015)
  5. L’Assemblée nationale (2014), “Résolution: sur le projet d’accord économique et commercial entre l’Union européenne et le Canada,” (Accessed 13.01.2015)
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳胤融(2015)。以雙層賽局、不對稱理論檢視加拿大與歐盟之自由貿易協定談判。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2015。1-145。 
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