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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 168 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2005 〈台灣民眾民主政治評價影響因素之分析〉。《台灣民主季刊》,第2卷,第3期,頁55-79。
  2. 2004 〈台灣民主發展的困境與挑戰〉。《台灣民主季刊》,第1卷,第1期,頁142-162。
  3. 2006 〈交叉網路與政治參與:2001年縣市長與立法委員選舉的實證研究〉。 《人文及社會學集刊》,第18卷,第4期,頁599-638。
  4. 2007 〈社會網絡、政治討論與投票參與〉。即將出版。
  5. 2000 〈我國「獨立選民」的發展與變遷(1989-1999)〉。《選舉研究》,第8卷,第1期,頁71-116。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝久如(2017)。臺灣民眾對公警軍三類人員政治信任變遷之研究~以2001年至2014年四波調查分析為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2017。1-100。 
  2. 楊華興(2008)。政策利害關係人對廉政政策順服與政治信任感關聯性之研究-以環保署業務往來之廠商為例。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2008。1-176。
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